:534–535:1887, Many Turkish Cypriots have traditionally (prior to 1974) been fluent in CG, meaning CG served as the "vernacular lingua franca" of the island. As of 2018, there are 4 independent countries where Arabic has a special status according to the constitution. These codes are used throughout the IT industry by computer systems and software to ease the identification of country names.  It is spoken by the Maronite community, which is a minority in Cyprus especially in the cities Nicosia, Limassol and Larnaca. :3 In 2014, it was reported that, in the 2011 census, of all 3,656 Maronite Cypriots in Republic of Cyprus-controlled areas "none declared [Cypriot Arabic] to be their first language". Nicosia is its capital and largest city. In 2008, the public university Payame Noor University declared that Arabic will be the "second language" of the university, and that all its services will be offered in Arabic, concurrent with Persian. However, the composition of countries in the Middle East remains contentious even to date. It is located south of the Anatolian peninsula, yet it belongs to the Cyprus arc. Of those, most moved on to other countries. There are 19 countries generally included as part of the MENA countries. In addition, a remarkable number of Pakistanis are able to speak Arabic as they were living in the rich GCC Countries for working reasons (in Saudi Arabia around 2.5 million; in UAE around 1.5 million; in Qatar around 650,000; in Kuwait around 430,000; in Oman around 300,000; in Bahrain around 180,000) for a very long time. Along with the religion of Islam, the Arabic language, Arabic number system and Arab customs spread throughout the entire Arab caliphate.  Indeed, Greek Cypriots are diglossic, with SMG the high (taught) and CG the low variety (naturally acquired), itself a dialect continuum that has been long undergoing levelling and koinénisation. It is reckoned written language first made its appearance in Cyprus in the 16th century BCE with the yet-to-be-deciphered Cypro-Minoan syllabary, an offshoot of Linear A "with some additional elements of hieroglyphic affiliation" that was the basis for the later Cypriot syllabary. The Basic Law: Israel as the Nation-State of the Jewish People (an Israeli Basic Law which specifies the nature of the State of Israel as the nation-state of the Jewish People) states in No. , Foreign language lessons become compulsory at the age of 9 (2008).:11. Arabic is a majority language of the native population in the United Arab Emirates as the majority of the population is composed of expatriates.. 2. Data is taken from the United Nations Statistics Division. Greek and Turkish are its official languages.Its official currency is Euro (EUR). CYPRUS", "European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages. Kormakitis was a long-time stronghold of the language, but most Maronites relocated to the south and spread after 1974, fuelling its—now very likely—death. The total area is the sum of all land and Inland water bodies (lakes, reservoirs, rivers). The Syrian National Coalition is partially recognized as the sole legitimate government of the state Syrian Arab Republic. It has no land bordering countries. Get the right job in Cyprus with company ratings & salaries. recognized as the sole legitimate government, Basic Law: Israel as the Nation-State of the Jewish People, immigrated from different Arab countries to Israel, Learn how and when to remove this template message, fall of the last Islamic state in Iberia at Granada, "Documentation for ISO 639 identifier: ara", "Syrian president slams Arab League for granting seat to opposition", "Regime backers express anger at other nations after Arab League suspends Syria", "Implementation of the Charter in Cyprus", Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran, "Full text of Basic Law: Israel as the Nation State of the Jewish People", "1987 Constitution of the Republic of the Philippines, Article XIV, Section 7", Ministry of Federal Education and Professional Training, "Gambia to drop English as 'colonial relic'", "Gambia’s Yahya Jammeh, a dictator and ‘proud’ of it", "L Bassin de I'Azawagh : peuplements et civilisations, du néolithique à l'arrivée de l'islam", Arab Immigrants in Latin American Politics, Descendants of Arabs thriving in S. America, "Arab roots grow deep in Brazil's rich melting pot", List of countries where arab is official language with pictures and flags, Countries by the number of recognized official languages, Countries and capitals in native languages, List of languages without official status, Languages by the number of countries in which they are recognized as an official language, Community of Portuguese Language Countries, International Organization of Turkic Culture, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_countries_where_Arabic_is_an_official_language&oldid=997234152, Arabic-speaking countries and territories, Lists of administrative territorial entities by language, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles lacking reliable references from June 2020, Articles needing additional references from August 2020, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Co-official language, along with Kurdish and, Siculo-Arabic, Byzantine Greek, Vulgar Latin, Andalusian Arabic, Mozarabic, Medieval Hebrew, This page was last edited on 30 December 2020, at 16:08.  :3, It is not entirely clear when Arabic first made its way to Cyprus, but Arabic speakers are known to have emigrated from the Levant in the late 12th century AD. Arabic (alongside English) was an official language in South Sudan from 1863 (these days a part of Egypt Eyalet (1517–1867)) until 2011 (that time the independent state Republic of South Sudan), when the former government canceled Arabic as an official language. In 1961, Cyprus became a member of the Commonwealth of Nations after gaining its independence from Great Britain, and in 2004 it was accepted as a member of the European Union. The law was adopted by the Knesset 62 in favor, 55 against and two abstentions on 19 July 2018. Cypriot Arabic It is not entirely clear when Arabic first made its way to Cyprus, but Arabic speakers are known to have emigrated from the The local dialects of Arabic spoken by Arab minorities in Iran (like Ahwazi Arabs, Khamseh Arabs, Marsh Arabs as well as Arabs in Khorasan) are Khuzestani Arabic and Mesopotamian Arabic, (also known as Iraqi Arabic) mainly in Khuzestan Province as well as Khorasani Arabic especially in Khorasan Province. The ancient Arcadocypriot dialect of Greek was spoken by the Mycenaean Greeks to first settle in Cyprus in the 12th or 11th century BCE. It is spoken by an estimated 900 Cypriot Maronites, all over the age of 30. The MENA region is sometimes known as the Arab World or the Greater Middle East. Country Codes Alpha-2 & Alpha-3 This is a complete list of all country ISO codes as described in the ISO 3166 international standard. During the period of the Umayyad Caliphate (661–750), the 5th Umayyad caliph Abd al-Malik (646–705) established Arabic instead of the local languages as the sole official state language of government across the entire caliphate. [circular reference] Eritrea is also an observe state for the Arab League due to their close relationship with Arabic and the Arab world. Read on to discover how Muslim-friendly Cyprus is! The Muslim conquests (Arabic: الفتوحات الإسلامية, al-Futūḥāt al-Islāmiyya) and the following Expansion of Islam (Arabic: انتشار الإسلام, Intishar al-Islām) led to the expansion of the Arabic language in Northern Africa, the Iberian Peninsula, the Caucasus, Western Asia, Central Asia and South Asia. Explore similarities and differences. According to the Emirates News Agency, the two ministers discussed the prospects of […] This Israeli Basic Law states in No. The Arab Christian (Antiochian Greek Christians) minority has the right to teach Arabic under the Treaty of Lausanne, however they tend to refrain from doing so in order to avoid sectarian tensions as the treaty does not apply to the Muslim majority. The following is a list of states with limited recognition as well as territories where Arabic is an official or de facto official language. A lot of times I feel that the Europeans don’t know the region — they talk about the region, but they don’t really know it,” he said. The western border of the Middle East is defined by the Mediterranean Sea, where Israel, Lebanon, and Syria rest opposite from Greece and Italy in Europe. Islam in Cyprus Islam in Cyprus has been present since 649; when the island was conquered by Uthman - the third Caliph of the Arab Rashidun Empire, but settlers from Turkey, during the 1974 Turkish invasion of Cyprus strengthened the presence of the religion. It is located south of the Anatolian peninsula, yet it belongs to the Cyprus arc. 2) Cyprus . The law declares in No. Currently, 22 countries are member states of the Arab League (as well as 5 countries were granted an observer status) which was founded in Cairo in 1945.  He replaced Gambia’s official language English with Arabic in 2014. :4.5 The everyday spoken language (vernacular) of the majority of the population is Cypriot Greek, and that of Turkish Cypriots is Cypriot Turkish. Arabic is one of the recognized national languages in Niger. Cyprus is a hub for foreign businesses due to its tax r… The Knesset canceled the status of Arabic as an official language by adopting the relevant Basic Law: Israel as the Nation-State of the Jewish People on 19 July 2018. The constitution declares in Chapter II: (The Official Language, Script, Calendar, and Flag of the Country) in Article 16 "Since the language of the Qur`an and Islamic texts and teachings is Arabic, ..., it must be taught after elementary level, in all classes of secondary school and in all areas of study. Armenian Cypriots are often bilingual in Greek and Armenian. The result was (in those areas which belonged to the Arab empire) the creation of the society that was mostly Arabic-speaking because of the assimilation of native inhabitants. Cyprus is another island nation, located in the Mediterranean Sea between Turkey and Egypt. In chronological order, Hittites, Assyrians, Egyptians, Persians, Arabs, Lusignans, Venetians, and Ottomans were in the island at some time. This activity was created by a Quia Web subscriber. Since 2011 English is the sole official language of South Sudan. This Agreement is subject to ratification according to the constitutional procedures in each country. 2 that "The State shall endeavour, as respects the Muslims of Pakistan (a) to make the teaching of the Holy Quran and Islamiat compulsory, to encourage and facilitate the learning of Arabic language ...". “Cyprus is a member of the EU, but at the same time we are a country of the region and what we want to do is to raise awareness in Brussels about the region and especially about Saudi Arabia. Cypriot Turkish is mutually intelligible with Standard Turkish. Cypriot Turkish consists of a blend of Ottoman Turkish and the Yörük dialect that is spoken in the Taurus Mountains of southern Turkey. © 2020 Intuit Inc. All rights reserved. :4, There is an unknown number of Roma, speakers of Kurbetcha (or Gurbetcha), a creole with vocabulary that is predominantly Romani and Cypriot Turkish grammar, residing in Northern Cyprus. :507–509 In 2014, it was reported that there are 668 Armenian first-language speakers in Republic of Cyprus-controlled areas (of a total 1,831 Armenian Cypriots). :26:61 CG has a literary tradition that flourished before the Ottoman conquest of 1571. Iran is a sovereign nation in the Middle East with a population of over 81million people. It specifies that "Spanish and Arabic shall be promoted on a voluntary and optional basis.". The national public broadcaster of Turkey the Turkish Radio and Television Corporation (also known as TRT) broadcasts TRT Al Arabiya a 24 hours a day TV channel in Arabic language (launched in April 2010). In the history, Andalusian Arabic was the official language in Spain and Portugal, formerly Al-Andalus for more than 700 years until the fall of the last Islamic state in Iberia at Granada in 1492. Cyprus is an island in the Eastern Basin of the Mediterranean Sea.It is the third largest island in the Mediterranean, after the Italian islands of Sicily and Sardinia, and the 80th largest island in the world by area. Fourth periodical presented to the Secretary General of the Council of Europe in accordance with Article 15 of the Charter. The following is a list of sovereign states and territories where Arabic is a national language or a recognized minority language. Historically Arabic was the official language (in the territory which form nowadays the state of Turkey) during the time when this region was a part of the Umayyad Caliphate between 661 and 750 and later when it belonged to the Abbasid Caliphate (750–1258). Cyprus and United Arab Emirates living comparison. For the ancient, The Cypro-Minoan syllabary and earlier languages, sfn error: no target: CITEREFBeckingham1957 (, Jennings, Ronald (1993), Christians and Muslims in Ottoman Cyprus and the Mediterranean World, 1571-1640, New York University Press, European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages, "SPECIAL EUROBAROMETER 386 Europeans and their Languages", Steele Philippa, "The mystery of ancient Cypriot clay balls", British Academy Review, 24, 2014, "Erasure as a means of maintaining diglossia in Cyprus", "Linguistic practices in Cyprus and the emergence of Cypriot Standard Greek", Stavroula Varella, Language Contact and the Lexicon in the History of Cypriot Greek, Peter Lang, 2006, p. 64, Ozan Gülle (2014), "Structural Convergence in Cyprus", Inauguraldussertation zur Erlangung des Doktorgrades der Philosophie an der Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitat Munchen, p. 149, "Implementation of the Charter in Cyprus", "European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages. 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