The sprint performance of master athletes decreases with age, but little is known about possible contributions of changes in sprint kinematics. 3200-3208 The purpose of this research was to identify the jump kinetic determinants of sprint acceleration performance from a block start. The aim of this study was to assess the influence of age, sex and sprinting kinematics on sprint performance. This study investigated the relationship between $$\dot{V}\hbox{O}_{2\max}$$ and repeated-sprint ability (RSA), while controlling for the effects of initial sprint performance on sprint decrement. Athletic injury prevention: Determinants of sprint performance. This study investigated the relationship between VO2max and repeated-sprint ability (RSA), while controlling for the effects of initial sprint performance on sprint decrement. Performance determinants were obtained from whole‐body oxygen consumption, blood sampling, knee‐extensor maximal force, muscle oxygenation, whole‐muscle morphology, and muscle fiber histochemistry of musculus vastus lateralis. ), Australian Conference of Science and Medicine in Sport (Melbourne, Victoria ed., Vol. short recovery periods has been termed ‘repeated sprint abili-ty’ (RSA) [1]. In the biathlon sprint competition for men, three laps of 3.3-km are interspersed with a 5-shot shooting sequence in the prone and standing position. This was achieved via two methods: (1) matching females of low and moderate aerobic fitness ( $$\dot{V}\hbox{O}_{2\max}$$ : 36.4 ± 4.7 vs 49.6 ± 5.5 ml kg−1 min−1 ; p < 0.05) for initial sprint … Critical determinants of combined sprint and endurance performance : An integrative analysis from muscle fiber to the human body: Gepubliceerd in: FASEB Journal, 32(4), 2110 - … Ten male (mean ± SD: age 20 ± 3 years; height 1.82 ± 0.06 m; weight 76.7 ± 7.9 kg; 100 m personal best: 10.87 + 0.36 s {10.37 - 11.42}) track sprinters at a national and regional competitive level performed 10 m sprints from a block start. 2000). Athletic injury prevention: Determinants of sprint performance. Author information: (1)Department of Human Movement Science, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, 7491 Trondheim, Norway. To better elucidate the mechanical correlates of 100-m sprint performance, we used instru-mented sprint treadmill measurements, performed in a group of subjects including a world-class and three national-level sprinters. To identify sprint performance determinants in young athletes in the field in both sexes. CONCLUSIONS: Force application technique is a determinant factor of field 100-m sprint performance, which is not the case for the amount of total force subjects are able to apply onto the ground. Equipment and methods Two hundred and fourteen track and field athletes, ages between 13 and 15 years old, were divided into validation group (VG) ( n = 163) and cross-validation group (CVG) ( n = 51). 2011a; Weyand et al. Abstract. View 0 peer reviews of Front Crawl Sprint Performance: A Cluster Analysis of Biomechanics, Energetics, Coordinative, and Anthropometric Determinants in Young Swimmers on Publons COVID-19 : add an open review or score for a COVID-19 paper now to ensure the latest research gets the extra scrutiny it needs. The purpose of this study was to clarify the kinematic determinants of maximal effort female sprint performance during the entire acceleration phase of a single sprint. Further, FH was significantly correlated (P < 0.05) to field sprint performance, but FTot and FV were not.

Sprint mechanics and field 100-m performances were tested in 13 subjects including 9 non-specialists, 3 French national-level sprinters and a world-class sprinter, to further study the mechanical factors associated with sprint performance. Analysis of a sprint ski race and associated laboratory determinants of world-class performance. Author links open overlay panel Pascal Edouard 9 Pierrick Arnal 3 Philippe Gimenez 2 Pierre Samozino 4 Pedro Jimenez-Reyes 5 Matt Brughelli 6 Pascal Edouard 9 Pierrick Arnal 3 Philippe Gimenez 2 Pierre Samozino 4 … Body height and body mass are associated with physical performance in children and youths 1,2 and have been found to be determinants of sprint performance. However, investigations establishing the role of the penultimate foot contact (PEN) during CODS performance are limited (11, 15, 25, 26); studies show that PEN prior to the FINAL during the change of direction plays a … Determinants of sprint-distance cycling and running performance in triathletes. Sprint mechanics and field 100-m performances were tested in 13 subjects including 9 non-specialists, 3 French national-level sprinters and a world-class sprinter, to further study the mechanical factors associated with sprint performance. To better elucidate the mechanical correlates of 100-m sprint performance, we used instru- Thirty-seven male soccer players performed 60-m sprints. RSA is an important element of the fitness requirements, especially in team sports [2-5]. We aimed to elucidate spatiotemporal and kinetic determinants of sprint acceleration performance in soccer players. In S. A. T. Extremes (Ed. Sandbakk O(1), Ettema G, Leirdal S, Jakobsen V, Holmberg HC. Australian Association for Exercise and Sports Science. determinants of sprint performance (Morin et al. Determinants of repeated-sprint ability in females matched for single-sprint performance. This was thought useful to poten- Sprint Performance Changes and Determinants in Afro-Caribbean Adolescents Between 13 and 15 Years Old by Karine Babel Copaver1, Claude Hertogh1, Olivier Hue1 Afro-Caribbean sprinters often reach high performance levels at an early age. The Relationship Between Kinematic Determinants of Jump and Sprint Performance in Division I Women Soccer Players. As such, human physiology and physique combine to be the most influential determinants of improved sprint performance. To improve current understanding of energy contributions and determinants of sprint‐skiing performance, 11 well‐trained male cross‐country skiers were tested in the laboratory for VO 2max, submaximal gross efficiency (GE), maximal roller skiing velocity, and sprint time‐trial (STT) performance.The STT was repeated four times on a 1300‐m simulated sprint course including three … The hamstring muscles are the most injured muscles in athletes practicing sprints. The spatiotemporal variables and ground reaction impulses were calculated over a 50-m distance. STEP-TO-STEP SPATIOTEMPORAL DETERMINANTS OF FEMALE SPRINT PERFORMANCE DURING THE ENTIRE ACCELERATION PHASE Sam Gleadhill1 and Ryu Nagahara1 National Institute of Fitness and Sports in Kanoya, Kagoshima, Japan1 The purpose of this study was to clarify the kinematic determinants of maximal effort female Autores: Kevin W. McCurdy, John L. Walker, George A. Langford, Matt R. Kutz, James M. Guerrero, Jeremy McMillan Localización: Journal of strength and conditioning research: the research journal of the NSCA, ISSN 1064-8011, Vol. determinants of sprint swim performance in adolescent swimmers Simmons, S E.C. 12, 2010, págs. However, they seem greatly contributing to the production of horizontal force, a key element in the sprint acceleration performance. 109). 1 ; Pettibone, A J. 2000). Objective . Explanations for all items are provided below. 1 ; Stager, J M. FACSM 1 Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise: May 2002 - Volume 34 - Issue 5 - p S27 oyvind.sandbakk@svt.ntnu.no Sprint mechanics and field 100-m performances were tested in 13 subjects including 9 non-specialists, 3 French national-level sprinters and a world-class sprinter, to further study the mechanical factors associated with sprint performance. Ten male (mean ± SD: age 20 ± 3 years; height 1.82 ± 0.06 m; weight 76.7 ± 7.9 kg; 100 m personal best: 10.87 + 0.36 s {10.37 - 11.42}) track sprinters at a national and regional competitive level performed 10 m sprints from a block start. To improve current understanding of energy contributions and determinants of sprint‐skiing performance, 11 well‐trained male cross‐country skiers were tested in … 1, pp. determinants of sprint performance (Morin et al. Biathlon is an Olympic winter-sport where cross-country (XC) skiing in the skating technique is combined with rifle shooting. Although 100 m sprint world record times have progressed drastically, there is limited evidence for how technology has contributed to such improvement. 2011a; Weyand et al. aerobic or anaerobic) are associated with performance, and to what extent. DETERMINANTS TO 100 m SPRINT PERFORMANCE 100 m sprint performance is dependent on multiple factors and we have categorized them based on environmental, mechanical/equipment, biomechanical and psycho-physiological labels. To develop optimal RSA training programmes, it is important to know which fitness determinants (i.e. 3,4 Sprint, acceleration, and agility are among the most important performance variables in youth soccer. Sprint mechanics and field 100-m performances were tested in 13 subjects including 9 non-specialists, 3 French national-level sprinters and a … Mechanical determinants of 100-m sprint running performance | springermedizin.de ABSTRACT: The purpose of this research was to identify the jump kinetic determinants of sprint acceleration performance from a block start. Adolescence is a time of 24, Nº. 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